12 Adding Video Effects – Adobe Premiere Pro Classroom in a Book (2020 release)

12 Adding Video Effects

Lesson overview

In this lesson, you’ll learn how to do the following:

  • Work with fixed effects.

  • Browse effects with the Effects panel.

  • Apply and remove effects.

  • Use effect presets.

  • Mask and track visual effects.

  • Use keyframing effects.

  • Explore frequently used effects.

  • Use virtual reality (VR) video effects.

  • Render effects.

This lesson will take about 120 minutes to complete. To get the lesson files used in this chapter, download them from the web page for this book at www.adobepress.com/PremiereCIB2020. For more information, see “Accessing the lesson files and Web Edition” in the Getting Started section at the beginning of this book.

Adobe Premiere Pro features more than 100 video effects. In this lesson, you’ll learn the main skills you need to work with all kinds of effects, as well as the some of the more advanced workflows. Most effects come with an array of controls, almost all of which you can change over time using keyframes.

Starting the lesson

You might use video effects for many reasons. They can solve problems with image quality, such as under exposure or a color balance offset. They can create complex composite visual effects using techniques such as chromakey. They can also help solve a number of production problems, such as camera shake or a poorly lit subject.

  1. Open Lesson 12.prproj.

  2. Save the project as Lesson 12 Working.prproj.

  3. Switch to the Effects workspace by clicking Effects in the Workspaces panel or by choosing Window > Workspaces > Effects.

  4. Reset the workspace by double-clicking the Effects workspace name in the Workspaces panel.

Effects can also serve stylistic purposes. You can alter the color or distort footage, and you can animate the size and position of a clip within the frame. The exciting challenge is in knowing when to use an effect and when to keep it simple.

Standard effects can be constrained within elliptical or polygon masks, and these masks can automatically track your footage. For example, you might blur someone’s face to hide their identity and have the blur follow them as they move through the shot. You can use the same feature to relight a scene in post-production.

Working with visual effects

You already know how to apply effects and change their settings. You can drag a visual effect onto a clip, as you have already done with audio effects, or you can select the clip (or multiple clips) and double-click the effect in the Effects panel. You can combine as many effects as you want on a single clip, which can produce surprising results. You can use an adjustment layer to add effects to a collection of clips.

When it comes to deciding which video effects to use, the number of choices in Premiere Pro can be a little overwhelming. Plus, many additional effects are available from third-party manufacturers for sale or free of charge.

Although the range of effects and their controls can be complex, the techniques you’ll use to apply, adjust, and remove effects are straightforward and consistent.

Modifying fixed effects

When you add a clip to a sequence, it will automatically have a few effects applied. These effects are called fixed effects, or intrinsic effects, and you can think of them as controls for the usual geometric, opacity, speed, and audio properties that every clip should have.

Fixed effects are automatically applied to every clip in a sequence, but they don’t change anything until you modify their settings. The effects include:

  • Motion: The Motion effect allows you to animate, rotate, and scale a clip. You can also use the Anti-flicker Filter control to decrease shimmering edges for an animated object. This comes in handy when you scale down a high-resolution or interlaced source and Premiere Pro must resample the image.

  • Opacity: The Opacity effect lets you control how opaque or transparent a clip is. You can also access special blend modes to create visual effects from multiple layers of video. You’ll explore this more in Lesson 14, “Exploring Compositing Techniques.”

  • Time Remapping: This effect lets you slow down, speed up, or reverse playback, and it even lets you freeze a frame. Think of it as a more advanced version of the Clip Speed/Duration options in the Timeline panel. In fact, the two controls are linked.

  • Audio Effects: If a clip has audio, Premiere Pro displays its Volume, Channel Volume, and Panner controls. You learned about these in Lesson 10, “Editing and Mixing Audio.”

You can modify all fixed effects using the Effect Controls panel.

  1. If it’s not already in the Timeline panel, open the sequence 01 Fixed Effects.

    Tip

    To expand or collapse all items in the Effect Controls panel or the Project panel, hold Option (macOS) or Alt (Windows) when you click a disclosure triangle .

  2. Single-click the first clip in the timeline to select it. In the Effect Controls panel, look at the fixed effects applied to this clip.

  3. Click the disclosure triangles next to headings or individual controls to display their properties.

  4. Click to select the second clip in the sequence and look at the Effect Controls panel.

    These effects have keyframes, so their settings can change over time. In this case, a slow Scale and Pan animation was applied to the clip to create a digital zoom that didn’t exist before and to recompose the shot.

    When people fix attention on an object, they tend to experience subtle tunnel vision. A slow zoom-in effect can feel the same way for your audience, enhancing the viewer’s focus and adding tension in a dramatic moment.

  5. Play the current sequence to compare the two clips.

Navigating the Effects panel

In addition to the fixed video effects, Premiere Pro has standard effects that change a clip’s appearance. Because there are so many to choose from, effects are organized into 17 categories. If you install third-party effects, you may have more choices.

There’s an additional category called Obsolete effects. These effects have been replaced with newer, better-designed versions, but they have been kept in Premiere Pro to ensure compatibility with older project files. It is best not to use these effects when working on new projects as they may be removed in future versions.

Effects are grouped into categories by functions, including Distort, Keying, and Time, so you can more easily navigate them.

Each category has its own bin in the Effects panel.

  1. Open the Effects panel.

    Tip

    The keyboard shortcut to display the Effects panel is Shift+7.

  2. In the Effects panel, expand Video Effects.

    Note

    With so many video effect categories, it’s sometimes tricky to locate the effect you want. If you know part or all of an effect’s name, start typing it in the search box at the top of the Effects panel. Premiere Pro will display all effects and transitions that contain that letter combination, narrowing the search as you type.

  3. Click the New Custom Bin button at the bottom of the panel.

    The new custom bin appears in the Effects panel at the bottom of the list (you may need to scroll down to see it). Let’s rename it.

  4. Click once to select the bin.

  5. Click once more, directly on the bin’s name (Custom Bin 01), to select it.

  6. Change its name to something like Favorite Effects.

  7. Open any video effects category and drag a few effects into your custom bin to copy them. You may need to resize the panel to make it easier to drag effects. Choose any effects that sound interesting to you. You can add or remove effects from a custom bin whenever you like. You can also click the Delete Custom Items button to remove copied effects.

Note

When you add an effect to a custom bin in the Effects panel, you’re making a duplicate of that effect. The original effect remains in its original folder. You can use custom bins to create your own effect categories.

As you browse the video effects, you’ll notice icons next to many of the effect names (you may need to resize the Effects panel to see the icons). Understanding these icons should influence your choices when working with effects.

Accelerated effects

The Accelerated Effect icon indicates that the effect can be accelerated by your graphics processing unit (GPU). The GPU (often called the video card or graphics card) can greatly enhance the performance of Premiere Pro. The range of cards supported by the Mercury Playback Engine is broad, and with the right card installed, these effects often offer accelerated or even real-time performance and need rendering only on final export (which is also hardware accelerated). You’ll find a list of recommended cards on the Premiere Pro product page.

32-bit color (high-bit-depth) effects

Effects with the 32-Bit Color icon can process in a 32-bits-per-channel mode, which is also called high-bit-depth or float processing.

For maximum quality, use 32-bit color effects.

Note

When using 32-bit color effects on a clip, try to use only combinations of 32-bit effects for maximum quality. If you mix and match effects, the non-32-bit effects force processing back to 8-bit color for that clip.

If you are editing without GPU acceleration, in Software mode, effects will be rendered in 8-bit color by default. To take advantage of 32-bit color effects, make sure your sequence settings have the Maximum Bit Depth video-rendering option enabled. If your project is set to use a hardware-accelerated renderer (in the Project settings), supported accelerated effects will automatically be rendered in 32-bit.

YUV effects

Effects with the YUV icon process color in YUV (implemented in Premiere Pro as Luminance, Color-Blue, Color-Red channels). This is particularly important if you’re applying color adjustments. Effects without the YUV icon are processed in the computer’s native RGB space, which might make adjusting exposure and color less accurate.

Tip

You can select any of the three effect-type icons at the top of the Effects panel to display only effects with those features.

Note

To learn more about YUV effects, be sure to read the article at www.provideocoalition.com/what_is_yuv/.

YUV effects break down the video into a Y (or luminance) channel and two channels for color information, which is how most video footage is structured natively. Because the brightness of the image is separate from the colors, it’s easy to adjust contrast and exposure without shifting the colors.

Applying effects

Once you have applied an effect, virtually all the video effect settings are accessible in the Effect Controls panel. You can add keyframes to nearly every control, making it easy to apply changes over time (just look for controls with a stopwatch icon ). In addition, you can use Bezier curve handles on those keyframes to adjust the velocity and acceleration of those changes.

  1. Open the sequence 02 Browse.

  2. Type white into the Effects panel Find box to narrow the results. Locate the Black & White video effect.

    Tip

    If you type the word black instead of white into the Effects panel Find box, you’ll see a fantastic list of presets for lens distortion removal because they relate to a particular camera with the word black in the name. Typing the word white instead displays a shorter list of effects to scroll through.

  3. Drag the Black & White video effect onto the Run Past clip in the Timeline panel.

    This effect immediately converts your full-color footage to black and white, or more accurately, grayscale.

  4. Make sure the Run Past clip is selected in the Timeline panel, and open the Effect Controls panel.

  5. Toggle the Black & White effect off and on by clicking the fx button next to the effect name in the Effect Controls panel. Be sure the sequence playhead is over this footage clip to view the result.

    Toggling an effect on and off is a good way to see how it works with other effects.

  6. Make sure the clip is selected. In the Effect Controls panel, click the Black & White effect heading to select it, and press Delete/Backspace. This removes the effect.

  7. Type direction into the Effects panel search box to locate the Directional Blur video effect.

    Note

    If you have a clip selected, you can apply effects by double-clicking them in the Effects panel or by dragging them into the Effect Controls panel directly.

  8. In the Effects panel, double-click the Directional Blur effect to apply it to the selected clip.

  9. In the Effect Controls panel, expand the Directional Blur effect’s controls.

  10. Set Direction to 75.0 degrees and Blur Length to 45.

  11. It’s an interesting result, but now it’s impossible to tell what’s going on in the image. Click the disclosure triangle to expand the Blur Length control, and move the slider to reduce the strength of the effect.

    Tip

    The slider limit may be smaller than the number you can enter by typing.

    Note

    You won’t always use visual effects to create dramatic results. Sometimes effects are intended to look like in-camera results.

    As you change the setting, the result is displayed in the Program Monitor.

  12. Click the panel menu for the Effect Controls panel, and choose Remove Effects. The Remove Attributes dialog box opens.

  13. The Remove Attributes dialog box lets you select which effects to remove and deselect which effects you want to keep. You want to remove them all, so click OK. This is an easy way to start fresh.

Effects are processed in a particular order, which can lead to unwanted scaling or resizing. You can’t reorder fixed effects, but you can bypass them and use other, similar effects. For example, you can use the Transform effect instead of the Motion fixed effect, or you can use the Alpha Adjust effect instead of the Opacity fixed effect. These effects are not identical, but they’re a close match, they behave similarly, and they can be placed in any order you choose.

Using adjustment layers

Adjustment layers offer a convenient way to apply effects to multiple clips. The concept is straightforward: Create an adjustment layer clip that can hold effects, and position it above other clips on the Timeline, on a higher video track. Everything beneath the adjustment layer clip is viewed through it, receiving any effects it contains.

You can easily adjust the duration and opacity of an adjustment layer clip, as you would adjust any graphics clip, making it easy to control which other clips are seen through it. An adjustment layer makes it faster to work with effects because you can change the settings on the layer (a single item) to influence the appearance of several other clips.

Let’s add an adjustment layer to a sequence.

  1. Open the sequence 03 Multiple Effects.

  2. At the bottom right of the Project panel, click the New Item button , and choose Adjustment Layer. You may need to resize the Project panel to see the New Item button.

    The Adjustment Layer dialog box allows you to specify settings for the new item you’re creating. The settings in the dialog box will reflect the settings in the current sequence.

  3. Click OK.

    Premiere Pro adds a new adjustment layer to the Project panel.

  4. Drag the adjustment layer from the Project panel to the beginning of the Video 2 track in the Timeline panel.

  5. Drag to trim the right edge of the adjustment layer so it extends to the end of the sequence.

    Let’s apply an effect to the adjustment layer. Once the effect is set up, you can change the adjustment layer’s opacity to alter the intensity of the effect.

  6. In the Effects panel, search for and locate the Gaussian Blur effect.

  7. Drag the effect onto the adjustment layer clip in the sequence.

  8. Move the timeline playhead to 27:00 to have a good close-up shot to use when designing the effect.

  9. By default, the Guassian Blur effect doesn’t change the image. Make sure the adjustment layer clip is selected. In the Effect Controls panel, set Blurriness to a high value, around 25.0. Select the Repeat Edge Pixels option to apply the effect evenly.

    The effect is much too strong. Let’s blend the adjustment layer with the clips beneath it using a blend mode to create a film look. Blend modes let you mix two layers together based on their brightness and color values. You’ll learn more about them in Lesson 14, “Exploring Compositing Techniques.”

  10. With the adjustment layer still selected in the sequence, click the disclosure triangle next to the Opacity control in the Effect Controls panel to view the settings.

  11. Choose Soft Light from the Blend Mode menu to create a gentle blend with the footage.

  12. Set Opacity to 75% to reduce the effect.

    You can enable and disable the Track Output for the Video 2 track in the Timeline panel to see the before and after states of the effect.

Adjustment layers are a great way to apply a look to a whole scene. Once you have adjusted the colors for individual clips so they match, you can give the overall scene a particular look with an adjustment layer. The same is true of your entire sequence—you can place an adjustment layer above the clips and below graphics to give all clips the same look.

Applying master clip effects

You can also apply effects to master clips in the Project panel. You use the same visual effects and work with them in the same way. With master clips, any instance of a clip, or part of a clip, you add to a sequence will inherit the effects you have applied. You can even apply master clip effects after adding clips to sequences and the sequences will update—a powerful way to make adjustments to multiple clips segments in a single step.

For example, you could add a color adjustment to a clip in the Project panel so that it matches other camera angles in a scene. Each time you use that clip or part of that clip in a sequence, the adjustment will already be applied. Even if you don’t make the adjustment until after the scene is edited, you can use a master clip effect to quickly match the colors.

Let’s add a master clip effect now.

  1. Open the sequence 04 Master Clip Effects.

    This has one clip, Laura_02, edited five times into the same sequence. The copies of the clip are separated by a number of other, similar shots.

  2. Position the Timeline panel playhead over the first instance of the Laura_02 clip. We want to open this sequence clip’s original master clip in the Source Monitor so we can apply an effect to it. It’s no good double-clicking the clip in the sequence because it will open that instance.

    Select the clip and press the F key. This is the shortcut for Match Frame, which opens the original master clip in the Source Monitor at the frame that is displayed in the Program Monitor.

    This is a useful shortcut to remember, as you will often want to check master clips when reviewing sequences, either to see a version of a clip without effects applied or to check for alternative content.

  3. You now have the same clip open in the Source Monitor (the master clip) and displayed in the Program Monitor (the sequence segment), so you can see how the changes affect the sequence as you apply them.

  4. In the Effects panel, type 100 in the Find box to quickly locate the Lumetri Look effect preset named Cinespace 100.

    Tip

    You can also apply an effect to a master clip by dragging the effect onto the clip directly in the Project panel or by selecting a clip in a sequence and clicking the master clip name at the top left of the Effect Controls panel and dragging the effect into that panel.

    Note

    Selection is important in Premiere Pro. Clicking to activate the Source Monitor before going to the Effect Controls panel is necessary to see the correct options.

  5. Drag the Cinespace 100 effect into the Source Monitor.

    This applies the effect to the master clip.

  6. Click the Source Monitor to make sure it’s the active panel, and open the Effect Controls panel to see the effect options.

    Because you applied the effect to the clip in the Source Monitor and then selected the Source Monitor to make it active, the Effect Controls panel shows the effect applied to the master clip, rather than the Timeline instance of the clip.

    This is a Lumetri Color effect, and you will be learning a lot more about these effects in Lesson 13, “Applying Color Correction and Grading.”

  7. Because the effect has been applied to the master clip, every instance of the clip in the sequence shows the results. Play the sequence to see that the effect is applied to every copy of the Laura_02 clip. You can tell a master clip effect is applied to a clip because the fx badge has a red underline .

    The result of the effect is displayed in the Source Monitor and the Program Monitor because sequence clips inherit their master clip effects dynamically.

    From now on, anytime you use this clip, or part of it, in a sequence, Premiere Pro will include the effect.

    However, while the master clip has the effect applied, none of the Timeline instances of the clip (the sequence clips) has the effect applied.

  8. Click once on any of the sequence instances of the Laura_02 clip on the Timeline to select it, and look in the Effect Controls panel—no Lumetri Color effect, just the usual fixed effects (which are applicable only to sequence clips, not clips in the Project panel).

    At the top of the Effect Controls panel there are two tabs. The tab on the left shows the name of the master clip, Master * Laura_02.mp4.

    The tab on the right shows the name of the sequence followed by the name of the sequence clip, 04 Master Clip Effects * Laura_02.mp4.

    Because you selected the clip in the sequence, the tab on the right is highlighted in blue, showing that you’re working on that instance of the clip.

    There’s no Lumetri Color effect displayed because you haven’t applied the effect to the Timeline instance of the clip.

  9. In the Effect Controls panel, click the tab at the top that shows the master clip name.

    You’ll see the master clip effect options.

  10. Experiment with the controls for the Lumetri Color effect, and then play the sequence. You’ll see the changes are applied to every instance of the clip.

Master clip effects provide a powerful way to manage effects in Premiere Pro. You may need to experiment a little to make the most of them. You use the same visual effects as you would use on the timeline, so the techniques you’re learning in this book will work the same way, but the planning is a little different.

Masking and tracking visual effects

All standard visual effects can be constrained within elliptical, polygon, or custom masks, which you can manually animate using keyframes. These masks can motion-track your shots to animate their position, following the action with the constrained special effect.

Masking and tracking effects are great ways to hide a detail like a face or logo behind a blur. You can also use the technique to apply subtle creative effects or modify the lighting in a shot.

Continue working with the 04 Master Clip Effects sequence.

  1. Position the playhead over the first frame of the second clip in the sequence, Evening Smile.

    Note

    This example uses a vivid adjustment to illustrate a technique. You will usually make subtler adjustments.

    It looks good, but it would benefit from a stronger light on the subject to help separate the foreground from the background.

  2. Search the Effects panel for the Brightness & Contrast effect.

  3. Apply this effect to the clip.

  4. In the Effect Controls panel, scroll down to the Brightness & Contrast controls. Choose the following settings:

    • Brightness 35

    • Contrast 25

    You can set these levels by clicking the blue numbers and typing the new setting, by scrubbing the blue numbers, or by expanding the controls and using the sliders.

    This effect changes the entire picture. You’re going to constrain the effect to just one area of the shot.

    Just under the name of the Brightness & Contrast effect in the Effect Controls panel, you’ll see three buttons that allow you to add a mask to the effect.

  5. Click the first button to add an elliptical mask.

    Immediately, the effect is constrained to the mask you just created. You can add multiple masks to an effect. If you select a mask in the Effect Controls panel, you can click and modify the shape in the Program Monitor.

  6. Position the playhead at the start of the clip, and use the mask handles in the Program Monitor to reposition the mask so it covers subject’s face and hair. You may find it helpful to adjust the Zoom level for the Program Monitor to see beyond the edges of the image.

    If you deselect the mask, the controls will disappear—select the name of the mask, Mask (1), to display the controls again.

  7. Feathering softens the edge of the mask. Set Mask Feather to about 240.

    If you deselect the mask in the Effect Controls panel, to hide the mask handles in the Program Monitor, you’ll see that you have lifted the area around the subject’s face, with a natural return to regular lighting in the rest of the picture. Now you just need the mask to follow the moving video.

  8. Make sure the playhead is still on the first frame of the clip. Click the Track Selected Mask Forward button in the Effect Controls panel, to the right of the Mask Path item. Premiere Pro tracks the contents of the clip to reposition and resize the mask in order to continue covering the subject’s face as it moves in the frame.

    The movement is quite subtle, so it’s easy for Premiere Pro to follow the action.

  9. Deselect the mask by clicking the background of the Effect Controls panel, or an empty track in the Timeline panel, and play the sequence to view the result.

    Premiere Pro can also track backward so that you can select an item partway through a clip and then track in both directions to create a natural path for the mask to follow.

    In this example you’re making a subtle lighting adjustment, but almost any visual effect can be constrained to a mask in this way. You can even add multiple masks to the same effect.

Keyframing effects

When you add keyframes to an effect, you’re setting particular values for controls at that moment in time. One keyframe will keep information for one control. If, for example, you were intending to keyframe Position, Scale, and Rotation, you would need three separate keyframes.

Note

Be sure to move the playhead over the clip you’re working with when applying effects so you can view your changes as you work. Selecting the clip alone will not make it visible in the Program Monitor.

Set keyframes at precise moments where you need a particular setting, and let Premiere Pro work out how to animate the controls between them.

Adding keyframes

You can change almost all parameters for all video effects over time using keyframes. For example, you can have a clip gradually become out of focus, change color, or lengthen its shadow.

  1. Open the sequence 05 Keyframes.

  2. View the sequence to get familiar with the footage, and then position the Timeline playhead over the first frame of the clip.

  3. In the Effects panel, locate the Lens Flare effect and apply it to the clip in the sequence. This is not a subtle effect, but it illustrates keyframes beautifully.

  4. In the Effect Controls panel, select the Lens Flare effect heading. With the effect selected, the Program Monitor displays a small control handle. Use the handle to reposition the lens flare to match the following figure so that the center of the effect is near the top of the waterfall, as seen in the frame.

  5. Make sure the Effect Controls panel timeline is visible. If it isn’t, click the Show/Hide Timeline View button next to the clip name at the top right of the panel to toggle the display.

  6. Click the stopwatch icons to toggle animation for the Flare Center and Flare Brightness properties. Clicking the Stopwatch icon enables keyframing and adds a keyframe at the current location with the current settings.

  7. Move the playhead to the last frame of the clip.

    You can drag the playhead directly in the Effect Controls panel. Make sure you see the last frame of video and not black (which would be the first frame of the next clip if there were one).

  8. Adjust Flare Center and Flare Brightness settings so the flare drifts across the screen with the camera pan and gets brighter. Use the following figure for guidance.

  9. Deselect the Lens Flare effect, and play the sequence to watch the effect animate over time. You may need to render the sequence for full frame rate playback, by choosing Sequence > Render Effects In To Out.

    Tip

    Be sure to use the Next Keyframe and Previous Keyframe buttons to move between keyframes efficiently. This will keep you from adding unwanted keyframes.

Adding keyframe interpolation and velocity

Keyframe interpolation changes the behavior of an effect setting as it moves between keyframes with different settings. The default behavior you’ve seen so far is linear; in other words, it produces a constant change between keyframes. What generally works better is something that mirrors your real-world experience or exaggerates it, such as gradual acceleration or deceleration.

Premiere Pro offers a way to control those changes: keyframe interpolation and the Velocity graph. Keyframe interpolation is easy and simplified, whereas adjusting the Velocity graph can be complex but more precise.

The Velocity graph appears on the right side of the Effect Controls panel, along with the keyframes, when you expand a property by clicking its disclosure triangle .

  1. Open the sequence 06 Interpolation.

  2. Position the playhead at the beginning of the clip, and select the clip.

    A Lens Flare effect has been applied to this clip and is animated. However, the movement begins before the camera, which isn’t very natural-looking.

  3. Toggle the Lens Flare effect off and on by clicking the fx button next to the effect name in the Effect Controls panel so you can see the result.

  4. In the timeline view of the Effect Controls panel, right-click the first keyframe for the Flare Center property. Choose the Temporal Interpolation > Ease Out method to create a gentle transition into the move from the keyframe.

  5. Right-click the second keyframe for the Flare Center property and choose Temporal Interpolation > Ease In. This creates a gentle transition from the stationary position of the last keyframe.

  6. Let’s modify the Flare Brightness property. Click the first keyframe for Flare Brightness, and then hold down the Shift key and click the second keyframe so both are active, highlighted in blue.

    Note

    When working with position-related parameters, the context menu for a keyframe will offer two types of interpolation: spatial (related to location) and temporal (related to time). You can make spatial adjustments in the Program Monitor as well as in the Effect Controls panel if you select the effect in the Effect Controls panel. You can make temporal adjustments on the clip in the Timeline and in the Effect Controls panel. These motion-related topics were covered in Lesson 9, “Putting Clips in Motion.

    You could also click the Flare Brightness property name, which selects keyframes for the property. However, there will be occasions when you’ll want to select specific keyframes, so it’s worth remembering the Shift key.

  7. Right-click either one of the Flare Brightness keyframes and choose Auto Bezier to create a gentle animation between the two properties. Because both keyframes were selected, both are changed.

  8. Play back the animation to watch the changes you’ve made.

    Let’s refine the keyframes with the Velocity graph.

  9. Hover the pointer over the Effect Controls panel and then, if your keyboard has the key, press ` (accent grave) to maximize the panel full-screen; or double-click the panel name. This will give you a clearer view of the keyframe controls.

  10. If necessary, click the disclosure triangles next to the Flare Center and Flare Brightness properties to show the adjustable properties.

    The Velocity graph shows the velocity between keyframes. Any sudden drops or jumps represent sudden changes in acceleration. The farther the point or line is from the center, the greater the velocity.

  11. Select a keyframe and then adjust its extended handle to change the steepness of the velocity curve.

    After adjusting the second keyframe for the Flare Center control

  12. Press the ` (accent grave) key, or double-click the panel name, to restore the Effect Controls panel, and play back your sequence to see the impact of your changes. Experiment some more until you have the hang of keyframes and interpolation.

    Perhaps the change to the velocity of the keyframes for the Flare Center isn’t enough to make the movement appear perfectly natural. Try dragging the first keyframe later to better match the camera movement and adjust the velocity keyframes.

Using effect presets

You’ll find that there are several prebuilt presets included for specific tasks already, but the true power of effects lies in creating your own presets, particularly when you know you’ll need a particular effect configuration in the future. A single preset can contain more than one effect and can even include keyframes for animation.

Using built-in presets

The effect presets provided with Premiere Pro give you a head start when performing common tasks, such as setting up a picture-in-picture effect or creating a stylized transition.

  1. Open the sequence 07 Presets.

    This sequence has a single clip with a slow start—the emphasis is on the texture of the background. Let’s use a preset to add visual interest to the beginning of the shot.

  2. In the Effects panel, click the X to clear the Search box at the top of the panel. Browse inside the Presets > Solarizes category to find the Solarize In preset.

  3. Drag the Solarize In preset onto the clip in the sequence.

  4. Play back the sequence to watch the Solarize effect transform the opening.

  5. Select the clip in the Timeline panel, and view its controls in the Effect Controls panel.

  6. There are two keyframes, relatively close together. Zoom in by adjusting the navigator at the bottom of the Effect Controls panel to see them more clearly.

    Experiment with adjusting the position of the second keyframe in the Effect Controls panel to customize the effect. If you extend the timing of the effect, it creates a gentler start to the shot.

Saving effect presets

Although there are several built-in effect presets to choose from, you can easily create your own. You can also import and export presets to share them between editing systems.

  1. Open the sequence 08 Creating Presets.

    This sequence has two clips, each with an adjustment layer on the V2 track and a title on the V3 track.

  2. Play the sequence to watch the opening animation.

  3. Select the first instance of the “Laura in the snow” title clip on V3 and look in the Effect Controls panel. A Fast Blur effect has been applied to the title, and there are keyframes animating several controls.

  4. In the Effect Controls panel, click the Vector Motion effect heading to select it. Next, hold Command (macOS) or Ctrl (Windows) while you click the effect headings for the Fast Blur effect and then Opacity effect.

  5. Right-click any of the selected effects in the Effect Controls panel and choose Save Preset.

  6. In the Save Preset dialog, name the effect Title Animation. Click in the Description box, and type Title blurs into view.

    When you apply an animated preset to a clip with a different duration, Premiere Pro needs to know how to distribute the keyframes.

    There are three options.

    • Scale: Scales the original preset keyframes to the duration of the new clip proportionally. Any existing keyframes on the original clip are deleted.

    • Anchor To In Point: Preserves the position of the first keyframe as well as the relationship of other keyframes in a clip. Other keyframes are added to the clip relative to its In point.

    • Anchor To Out Point: Preserves the position of the last keyframe as well as the relationship of other keyframes in a clip. Other keyframes are added to the clip relative to its Out point.

  7. For this preset, select Anchor To In Point so the timing matches at the start of each clip the preset is applied to.

  8. Click OK to store the effects and keyframes as a new preset.

  9. In the Effects panel, locate the Presets category and your newly created Title Animation preset. Hover the pointer over the preset to see the description you added appear as a tool tip.

  10. Drag the new Title Animation preset onto the second instance of the “Laura in the snow” title clip on the V3 track in the Timeline.

  11. Watch the sequence play back to see the newly applied title animation.

  12. Select the second title clip in the Timeline panel and look in the Effect Controls panel. The effects included in the preset have been added to the clip. The name of the preset is included in parentheses, so you know the way the effect has been configured. You can still edit the effect controls, but it’s a useful way to check which preset you used.

You can change the configuration of a preset by right-clicking it in the Effects panel and choosing Preset Properties, or by double-clicking it. Double-clicking an effect (rather than a preset) will apply the effect to a selected clip.

Tip

Effect presets can be exported and imported so they can be shared. You’ll find the Import and Export options In the Effects panel menu. You can select and export an individual preset or a whole custom bin containing multiple presets. You’ll find a number of free presets at premierepro.net/presets.

Exploring frequently used effects

In this lesson, you’ve encountered several effects. Although it’s beyond the scope of this book to explore all the options, here are a few additional effects that are useful in many editing situations. We’ll be exploring color adjustments in the next lesson.

Applying image stabilization and rolling shutter reduction

The Warp Stabilizer effect can remove jitter caused by camera movement (which is increasingly common with today’s lightweight cameras). The effect is useful because it can remove unstable parallax-type movements (where images appear to shift on planes).

The result is achieved by zooming into the image by just enough to animate the clip position within the frame to compensate for unwanted camera movement.

Let’s explore the effect.

  1. Open the sequence 09 Warp Stabilizer.

  2. Play the first clip in the sequence to see the wobbly shot.

  3. In the Effects panel, locate the Warp Stabilizer VFX effect and apply it to the shot.

    As the clip is analyzed, a banner across the footage lets you know you’ll need to wait before working with the effect. There’s also a detailed progress indicator in the Effect Controls panel. The analysis takes place in the background, so you can carry on working while waiting for it to complete.

  4. Once the analysis has completed, you can adjust settings in the Effect Controls panel to improve results by choosing options that better suit the shot.

    • Result: You can choose Smooth Motion to retain the general camera movement (albeit stabilized), or you can choose No Motion to attempt to remove all camera movement. For this exercise, choose Smooth Motion.

    • Method: You can use the four methods available. The two most powerful, because they warp and process the image more heavily, are Perspective and Subspace Warp. If either method creates too much distortion, you can try switching to Position, Scale, Rotation, or just Position.

    • Smoothness: This option specifies how much of the original camera movement should be retained for Smooth Motion. Use a higher value to smooth out the shot the most. Experiment with this shot until you’re happy with its stability.

  5. Play the clip. The impact is pretty dramatic.

    Tip

    If you notice that some of the details in the shot appear to wobble, you may be able to improve the overall effect. In the Advanced section, select Detailed Analysis. This makes the Analysis phase do extra work to find elements to track. You can also use the Enhanced Reduction option from the Rolling Shutter Ripple option in the Advanced category. These options are slower to render but produce better results.

  6. Play the second clip in the sequence to review it. This show should be static, but it’s handheld, so there’s a little movement. Repeat the process for this clip. Choose No Motion from the Warp Stabilizer Result menu.

    Warp Stabilizer is amazingly effective at locking these kinds of shots into position.

    Tip

    The Warp Stabilizer effect adds quite a lot of data to the Premiere Pro project file. If you plan to stabilize lots of clips, consider performing the stabilization in a separate project and exporting new media files for use in your main project. Large project files take longer to open and to save.

Use an adjustment layer with the Clip Name effect

If you intend to send a review copy of a sequence to a client or colleague, you can apply the Clip Name effect to an adjustment layer and have it generate visible clip names for the entire sequence.

This is helpful because it allows others to give feedback based on a particular clip. You can control the clip name format position, size, and opacity.

You can enable a similar timecode overlay when exporting media, but the sequence clip effect has more options.

  1. Open the sequence 10 Clip Names.

  2. At the bottom right of the Project panel, click the New Item button , and choose Adjustment Layer. Click OK. You may need to resize the Project panel to see the New Item button.

    Tip

    If you work with multiple sequences with different format settings in a single project, it’s worth naming adjustment layers to make it easier to identify their resolution. You can rename adjustment layers in the Project panel just as you would any other item by right-clicking the adjustment layer and choosing Rename.

    A new adjustment layer is added to the Project panel, with settings that match your current sequence.

  3. Drag the new adjustment layer to the beginning of track V2 in the current sequence.

  4. Position the Timeline playhead at the end of the sequence. Click once to select the right edge of the new adjustment layer, and press E. Then press Esc to deselect the edit.

    This useful shortcut performs an Extend edit, which trims the selected edit to the current position of the playhead.

  5. You can add most visual effects to an adjustment layer. Let’s try an example effect.

    In the Effects panel, locate the Horizontal Flip effect. Drag it onto the adjustment layer to apply it. This switches the video horizontally, giving the effect of changing the direction of movement.

    There are no controls for the Horizontal Flip effect. You can still use masks to constrain the effect, which produces interesting results where there is movement in the shot.

    This effect works well with this kind of content but may not work if there is visible text or a recognizable logo in the picture.

    Let’s add the Clip Name effect.

  6. In the Effects panel, search for the Clip Name effect.

    Tip

    You can click the Clip Name effect heading in the Effect Controls panel and then drag the anchor point for the name displayed in the Program Monitor to reposition it.

  7. Apply the Clip Name effect to the adjustment layer clip.

    By default, the effect shows the name of the clip you applied it to, which in this case is Adjustment Layer—not very useful!

  8. In the Effect Controls panel, in the Clip Name effect controls, choose Video 1 from the Source Track menu, and set the size to 25%. Now the clip names from the V1 track are displayed.

  9. Clear the Effects panel Search box by clicking the X.

Using immersive video effects

Premiere Pro includes comprehensive tools and effects for equirectangular 360° video (often referred to as VR video or immersive video).

The effects workflow for 360° video is similar to the workflow for any other kind of video. However, the dedicated Immersive Video effects take into account the wraparound nature of 360° video.

The fact that 360° video seamlessly surrounds the viewer and can connect on all sides (depending on the configuration) does not impact most visual effects. The exception is any effect that generates changes to surrounding pixels, such as blurs and glows. These effects make changes to multiple pixels, and only effects specially designed to work with 360° video images will result in an image without a visible join along the original edges.

Let’s try this.

  1. Open the sequence 11 Immersive Video.

    This is equirectangular 360° video, so let’s switch to the VR video viewing mode in the Program Monitor.

  2. Use the Program Monitor Settings menu to choose VR Video > Enable.

  3. The viewing angle is a little narrow by default. Go to the Program Monitor Settings menu again, and choose VR Video > Settings.

  4. Set Monitor View Horizontal to 150, and click OK.

    When producing immersive video, you’ll want to choose the viewing angle of the intended VR headset.

  5. In the Effects panel, find the Gaussian Blur effect, in the Video Effects > Blur & Sharpen category. Add the effect to the video clip in the sequence.

  6. In the Effect Controls panel, set the Gaussian Blur effect Blurriness to 50, a high setting that makes the result easy to see.

  7. Try dragging the image in the Program Monitor to see different views. The Gaussian Blur effect is designed to work on regular 2D video, and there’s a visible join where the edges of the 360° video meet. Drag the image to around 150° to see the join.

    Even if you enable the Gaussian Blur Repeat Edge Pixels option, a join is visible.

  8. Select the Gaussian Blur effect in the Effect Controls panel and press Delete to remove it.

  9. In the Effects panel, find the VR Blur effect, in the Video Effects > Immersive Video category. Add the effect to the video clip in the sequence.

  10. In the Effect Controls panel, set the VR Blur effect Blurriness to 50 and drag the image to search for the join.

    In fact, there is no visible join. This effect, and others in the Immersive Video category, will give you dedicated controls for 360° video.

  11. When you have finished, use the Program Monitor Settings menu to deselect VR video mode.

Removing lens distortion

Action and point-of-view (POV) cameras such as the GoPro Hero and DJI Inspire are popular. While the results can be amazing, the wide-angle lenses can introduce unwanted distortion.

Note

The Lens Distortion effect also can be used creatively to introduce the appearance of lens distortion.

You can use the Lens Distortion effect to correct lens distortion. Premiere Pro has a number of built-in presets intended to correct distortion from popular cameras. You’ll find the presets in the Effects panel, under Lens Distortion Removal.

Remember, you can make a preset from any effect, so if you are working with a camera that has no built-in preset, you can always create your own.

Rendering all sequences

If you have several sequences with effects you want to render, you can render them all as a batch, without opening each sequence to render it individually.

Select the sequences you would like to render in the Project panel, and choose Sequence > Render Effects In To Out.

All effects that need to render in the selected sequences will be rendered.

Using the Render And Replace command

If you are working on a low-powered system and your media is high resolution, you may find media tends to drop frames routinely when previewing. You may also see dropped frames when working with dynamically linked After Effects compositions or complex third-party visual effects that don’t support GPU acceleration.

If all your media is high resolution, you may decide to use the proxy workflow, which allows you to switch between full-resolution and lower-resolution media file playback.

However, if just one or two clips are difficult to play back, you also have the option to render just those clips as a new media file and replace the original item in a sequence quickly and easily.

To replace a sequence clip segment with a version that’s easier to play back, right-click the clip and choose Render And Replace.

The Render And Replace dialog box has similar options to the proxy workflow. Here are the main settings:

  • Source: Create a new media file that matches; the frame rate and frame size of the sequence, the original media, or a preset.

  • Format: Specify your preferred file type. Different formats give access to different codecs.

  • Preset: Choose a preset here. You can use a custom preset created with Adobe Media Encoder or one of the several built-in options.

Note

The CineForm preset (which uses the CineForm codec) will work only if you are working with standard frame sizes, such as 1929x1080 HD. The CineForm codec requires a frame width that is evenly divisible by 16, and a frame height that is evenly divisible by 8. For more information, see helpx.adobe.com/premiere-pro/using/gopro-cineformcodec.html.

If you enable Include Video Effects for an option, Premiere Pro will incorporate the effects into the new file, which means there will no longer be effects that can be edited.

Once you have chosen a preset and a location for the new file, click OK and the sequence clip is replaced.

A rendered and replaced clip is no longer directly linked to the original media—it’s a new media file. This means, for example, changes made to a dynamically linked After Effect composition will not update in Premiere Pro. To restore the link to the original item, right-click the clip and choose Restore Unrendered.

If you had chosen the option to include video effects, they will be restored along with the original file.

Review questions

1. What are two ways to apply an effect to a clip?

2. List three ways to add a keyframe.

3. Dragging an effect onto a clip turns on its parameters in the Effect Controls panel, but you don’t see the effect in the Program Monitor. Why not?

4. Describe how you can apply one effect to a range of clips.

5. Describe how to save multiple effects to a custom preset.

Review answers

1. Drag the effect to the clip or select the clip and double-click the effect in the Effects panel.

2. Move the playhead in the Effect Controls panel to where you want a keyframe and activate keyframing by clicking the “Toggle animation” button; move the playhead and click the Add/Remove Keyframe button; and with keyframing activated, move the playhead to a position and change a parameter. You could also set up and use a custom keyboard shortcut.

3. You need to move the Timeline playhead to the selected clip to see it in the Program Monitor. Selecting a clip does not move the playhead to that clip. Also, many effects do not produce visible changes until you adjust the controls.

4. You can add an adjustment layer above the clips you want to affect. You can then apply an effect to the adjustment layer that will modify all the clips below the layer. You can also select the clips you would like to apply the effect to and then drag the effect onto the group or double-click the effect in the Effects panel.

5. You can click the Effect Controls panel and choose Edit > Select All. You can also hold Command (macOS) or Ctrl (Windows) while you select multiple effect headings in the Effect Controls panel. Once the effects are selected, choose the Save Preset command from the Effect Controls panel menu.